In 99.9% of cases, stringi can be successfully installed by simply calling:
However, due to the overwhelming complexity of the ICU4C library, upon which stringi is based, and the colourful diversity of operating systems, their flavors, and particular setups, some users may still experience a few issues that hopefully can be resolved with the help of this short manual.
Also, some additional build tweaks are possible in case we require a more customised installation.
The stringi package depends on the ICU4C >= 55 library.
If we install the package from sources and either:
this requirement is not met (check out https://icu.unicode.org/download, the
libicu-develrpm on Fedora/CentOS/OpenSUSE,
libicu-devon Ubuntu/Debian, etc.),
pkg-configis fails to find appropriate build settings for ICU-based projects, or
R CMD INSTALLis called with the
--configure-args='--disable-pkg-config'argument or environment variable
STRINGI_DISABLE_PKG_CONFIGis set to non-zero or
install.packages("stringi", configure.args="--disable-pkg-config")is executed,
then ICU will be built together with stringi. A custom subset of ICU4C 69.1 is shipped with the package. We also include ICU4C 55.1 that can be used as a fallback version (e.g., on older Solaris boxes).
To get the most out of stringi, you are strongly encouraged to rely on our ICU4C package bundle. This ensures maximum portability across all platforms (Windows and macOS users by default fetch the pre-compiled binaries from CRAN built exactly this way).
ICU Data Library and No Internet Access¶
Note that if you choose to use our ICU4C bundle, then – by default – the
ICU data library will be downloaded from one of our mirror servers.
However, if you have already downloaded a version of
for your platform (big/little endian), you may wish to install the
package by calling:
Moreover, if you have no internet access on the machines
you try to install stringi on, try fetching the latest development version
of the package, as it is shipped with the
ICU data archives.
You can build a distributable source package that includes all the required
ICU data files (for off-line use) by omitting some relevant lines in
.Rbuildignore file. The following command sequence should do the trick:
wget https://github.com/gagolews/stringi/archive/master.zip -O stringi.zip unzip stringi.zip sed -i '/\/icu..\/data/d' stringi-master/.Rbuildignore R CMD build stringi-master
Assuming the most recent development version of the package is numbered x.y.z,
a file named
stringi_x.y.z.tar.gz is created in the current working directory.
The package can now be installed (the source bundle may be propagated via
scp etc.) by executing:
R CMD INSTALL stringi_x.y.z.tar.gz
Alternatively, call from within an R session:
A decent C++11 compiler is required to build ICU4C 69.1 from sources.
Note that Pre-4.9.0 GCC has a
::max_align_t has been defined, but not
If our built-in workaround does not work, you may try calling:
Overall, your build chain may be misconfigured, check out,
(e.g., are you using
-std=gnu++11 instead of
-std=c++11?). Refer to
https://cran.r-project.org/doc/manuals/r-release/R-admin.html for more details.
There is an option of using the fallback version of ICU4C 55.1
which however requires the support of the
long long type in a few functions,
(this is not part of the C++98 standard; works on Solaris, though). Try:
Customising the Build Process¶
Additional features and options of the
--disable-cxx11: Disable C++11; if you build ICU4C from sources, make sure your C++ compiler supports the
--disable-icu-bundle: Enforce system ICU.
pkg-config; ICU4C will be compiled from sources.
--with-extra-cflags=FLAGS: Additional C compiler flags.
--with-extra-cppflags=FLAGS: Additional C/C++ preprocessor flags.
--with-extra-cxxflags=FLAGS: Additional C++ compiler flags.
--with-extra-ldflags=FLAGS: Additional linker flags.
--with-extra-libs=FLAGS: Additional libraries to link against.
Some influential environment variables:
ICUDT_DIR: Optional directory with an already downloaded ICU data archive (
icudt*.zip); either an absolute path or a path relative to
<package source dir>/src; defaults to
PKG_CONFIG_PATH: An optional list of directories to search for
R_HOME: Override the R directory, e.g.,
/usr/lib64/R. Note that
$R_HOME/bin/Rpoint to the R executable.
catcommand used to generate the list of source files to compile.
pkg-configcommand used to fetch the necessary compiler flags to link to and existing
STRINGI_DISABLE_CXX11: Disable C++11, see also
STRINGI_DISABLE_PKG_CONFIG: Compile ICU from sources, see also
STRINGI_DISABLE_ICU_BUNDLE: Enforce system ICU, see also
We expect that with a correctly configured C++11 compiler and properly installed system ICU4C distribution, you should face no problems with installing the package, especially if you use our ICU4C bundle and you have a working internet access.
If you do not manage to set up a successful stringi build, do not hesitate to file a bug report. However, please check the list of archived (closed) issues first – it is very likely that a solution to your problem has already been posted.
To help diagnose your error further, please run (from the terminal):
cd /tmp wget https://github.com/gagolews/stringi/archive/master.zip unzip master.zip cd stringi-master ./configure
And submit the output from
./configure as well as the contents of