stri_replace: Replace Pattern Occurrences

Description

These functions replace, with the given replacement string, every/first/last substring of the input that matches the specified pattern.

Usage

stri_replace_all(str, replacement, ..., regex, fixed, coll, charclass)

stri_replace_first(str, replacement, ..., regex, fixed, coll, charclass)

stri_replace_last(str, replacement, ..., regex, fixed, coll, charclass)

stri_replace(
  str,
  replacement,
  ...,
  regex,
  fixed,
  coll,
  charclass,
  mode = c("first", "all", "last")
)

stri_replace_all_charclass(
  str,
  pattern,
  replacement,
  merge = FALSE,
  vectorize_all = TRUE,
  vectorise_all = vectorize_all
)

stri_replace_first_charclass(str, pattern, replacement)

stri_replace_last_charclass(str, pattern, replacement)

stri_replace_all_coll(
  str,
  pattern,
  replacement,
  vectorize_all = TRUE,
  vectorise_all = vectorize_all,
  ...,
  opts_collator = NULL
)

stri_replace_first_coll(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_collator = NULL)

stri_replace_last_coll(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_collator = NULL)

stri_replace_all_fixed(
  str,
  pattern,
  replacement,
  vectorize_all = TRUE,
  vectorise_all = vectorize_all,
  ...,
  opts_fixed = NULL
)

stri_replace_first_fixed(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_fixed = NULL)

stri_replace_last_fixed(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_fixed = NULL)

stri_replace_all_regex(
  str,
  pattern,
  replacement,
  vectorize_all = TRUE,
  vectorise_all = vectorize_all,
  ...,
  opts_regex = NULL
)

stri_replace_first_regex(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_regex = NULL)

stri_replace_last_regex(str, pattern, replacement, ..., opts_regex = NULL)

Arguments

str

character vector; strings to search in

replacement

character vector with replacements for matched patterns

...

supplementary arguments passed to the underlying functions, including additional settings for opts_collator, opts_regex, opts_fixed, and so on

mode

single string; one of: 'first' (the default), 'all', 'last'

pattern, regex, fixed, coll, charclass

character vector; search patterns; for more details refer to stringi-search

merge

single logical value; should consecutive matches be merged into one string; stri_replace_all_charclass only

vectorize_all

single logical value; should each occurrence of a pattern in every string be replaced by a corresponding replacement string?; stri_replace_all_* only

vectorise_all

alias of vectorize_all

opts_collator, opts_fixed, opts_regex

a named list used to tune up the search engine’s settings; see stri_opts_collator, stri_opts_fixed, and stri_opts_regex, respectively; NULL for the defaults

Details

By default, all the functions are vectorized over str, pattern, replacement (with recycling of the elements in the shorter vector if necessary). Input that is not part of any match is left unchanged; each match is replaced in the result by the replacement string.

However, for stri_replace_all*, if vectorize_all is FALSE, then each substring matching any of the supplied patterns is replaced by a corresponding replacement string. In such a case, the vectorization is over str, and - independently - over pattern and replacement. In other words, this is equivalent to something like for (i in 1:npatterns) str <- stri_replace_all(str, pattern[i], replacement[i]. Note that you must set length(pattern) >= length(replacement).

In case of stri_replace_*_regex, the replacement string may contain references to capture groups (in round parentheses). References are of the form $n, where n is the number of the capture group ($1 denotes the first group). For the literal $, escape it with a backslash. Moreover, ${name} are used for named capture groups.

Note that stri_replace_last_regex searches from start to end, but skips overlapping matches, see the example below.

stri_replace, stri_replace_all, stri_replace_first, and stri_replace_last are convenience functions; they just call stri_replace_*_* variants, depending on the arguments used.

If you wish to remove white-spaces from the start or end of a string, see stri_trim.

Value

All the functions return a character vector.

Author(s)

Marek Gagolewski and other contributors

See Also

The official online manual of stringi at https://stringi.gagolewski.com/

Other search_replace: about_search, stri_replace_rstr(), stri_trim_both()

Examples

stri_replace_all_charclass('aaaa', '[a]', 'b', merge=c(TRUE, FALSE))
## Warning in stri_replace_all_charclass("aaaa", "[a]", "b", merge = c(TRUE, :
## argument `merge` should be a single logical value; only the first element is
## used
## [1] "b"
stri_replace_all_charclass('a\nb\tc   d', '\\p{WHITE_SPACE}', ' ')
## [1] "a b c   d"
stri_replace_all_charclass('a\nb\tc   d', '\\p{WHITE_SPACE}', ' ', merge=TRUE)
## [1] "a b c d"
s <- 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.'
stri_replace_all_fixed(s, ' ', '#')
## [1] "Lorem#ipsum#dolor#sit#amet,#consectetur#adipisicing#elit."
stri_replace_all_fixed(s, 'o', '0')
## [1] "L0rem ipsum d0l0r sit amet, c0nsectetur adipisicing elit."
stri_replace_all_fixed(c('1', 'NULL', '3'), 'NULL', NA)
## [1] "1" NA  "3"
stri_replace_all_regex(s, ' .*? ', '#')
## [1] "Lorem#dolor#amet,#adipisicing elit."
stri_replace_all_regex(s, '(el|s)it', '1234')
## [1] "Lorem ipsum dolor 1234 amet, consectetur adipisicing 1234."
stri_replace_all_regex('abaca', 'a', c('!', '*'))
## [1] "!b!c!" "*b*c*"
stri_replace_all_regex('123|456|789', '(\\p{N}).(\\p{N})', '$2-$1')
## [1] "3-1|6-4|9-7"
stri_replace_all_regex(c('stringi R', 'REXAMINE', '123'), '( R|R.)', ' r ')
## [1] "stringi r " " r XAMINE"  "123"
# named capture groups are available since ICU 55
## Not run: 
stri_replace_all_regex('words 123 and numbers 456',
   '(?<numbers>[0-9]+)', '!${numbers}!')
## [1] "words !123! and numbers !456!"
## End(Not run)

# Compare the results:
stri_replace_all_fixed('The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.',
     c('quick', 'brown', 'fox'), c('slow',  'black', 'bear'), vectorize_all=TRUE)
## [1] "The slow brown fox jumped over the lazy dog."  
## [2] "The quick black fox jumped over the lazy dog." 
## [3] "The quick brown bear jumped over the lazy dog."
stri_replace_all_fixed('The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.',
     c('quick', 'brown', 'fox'), c('slow',  'black', 'bear'), vectorize_all=FALSE)
## [1] "The slow black bear jumped over the lazy dog."
# Compare the results:
stri_replace_all_fixed('The quicker brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.',
     c('quick', 'brown', 'fox'), c('slow',  'black', 'bear'), vectorize_all=FALSE)
## [1] "The slower black bear jumped over the lazy dog."
stri_replace_all_regex('The quicker brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.',
     '\\b'%s+%c('quick', 'brown', 'fox')%s+%'\\b', c('slow',  'black', 'bear'), vectorize_all=FALSE)
## [1] "The quicker black bear jumped over the lazy dog."
# Searching for the last occurrence:
# Note the difference - regex searches left to right, with no overlaps.
stri_replace_last_fixed("agAGA", "aga", "*", case_insensitive=TRUE)
## [1] "ag*"
stri_replace_last_regex("agAGA", "aga", "*", case_insensitive=TRUE)
## [1] "*GA"