stri_enc_toutf8: Convert Strings To UTF-8¶
Converts character strings with declared marked encodings to UTF-8 strings.
stri_enc_toutf8(str, is_unknown_8bit = FALSE, validate = FALSE)
a character vector to be converted
a single logical value, see Details
a single logical value (can be
is_unknown_8bit is set to
FALSE (the default), then R encoding marks are used, see stri_enc_mark. Bytes-marked strings will cause the function to fail.
If a string is in UTF-8 and has a byte order mark (BOM), then the BOM will be silently removed from the output string.
If the default encoding is UTF-8, see stri_enc_get, then strings marked with
native are – for efficiency reasons – returned as-is, i.e., with unchanged markings. A similar behavior is observed when calling
is_unknown_8bit=TRUE, if a string is declared to be neither in ASCII nor in UTF-8, then all byte codes > 127 are replaced with the Unicode REPLACEMENT CHARACTER (Ufffd). Note that the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER may be interpreted as Unicode missing value for single characters. Here a
bytes-marked string is assumed to use an 8-bit encoding that extends the ASCII map.
What is more, setting
NA in both cases validates the resulting UTF-8 byte stream. If
validate=TRUE, then in case of any incorrect byte sequences, they will be replaced with the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER. This option may be used in a case where you want to fix an invalid UTF-8 byte sequence. For
NA, a bogus string will be replaced with a missing value.
Returns a character vector.